Comparison Chart of the Four Gospels

Matthew

                             

By comparing and contrasting the four Gospels, differences and similarities can be noted.

Author:  Matthew – one of the 12 Apostles
Date:  Sometime before 70 AD, for the temple in Jerusalem had not yet been destroyed
  when this book was written.
Geneology:  Yes, in Matthew Ch. 1
Broad Division:  The humanity of Jesus from an earthly perspective;
  evangelistic messages for lost humanity;
    His public life is in focus.
Primary Area of Ministry:  Capernaum in Galilee
Prominent Concept:  Law
Emphasis:  Words of Jesus
Style & Outlook:  Prophetic;  Jesus as Teacher; a teaching manual for converts
Themes/Special Focus:  Power; Jesus as Messiah-King; Son of Abraham
Arrangement Of Material:  Topical
Unique Material:  42% found only in Matthew
Original Culture Addressed:  Jews
Era Associated With:  Past & Present
Percent Of Words Spoken By Jesus:  60%
Outstanding Sections: Sermons
Key Words:  Fulfilled; Kingdom; “to repent” (4:17)
Key Verse:  21:5
Quotations From Old Testament:  53
Allusions To Old Testament:  76

Fascinating Features

  Stress is on “the Kingdom” – Kingdom of Heaven is used 33 times;
  many Old Testament quotations affirming His deity;
    numerous allusions to prophecy; topic of money often addressed

Mark

Author:  Mark – Eyewitness of Jesus’ ministry; nephew of Barnabas; friend of Peter and Paul
Date:  Before 70 AD
Genealogy:  None
Broad Division:  Stress is on the humanity of Jesus- from the earthly perspective;
  evangelistic messages for lost humanity;
    Jesus’ public life is in focus.
Primary Area Of Ministry:  Capernaum in Galilee is central
Prominent Concept:  Power and Service (10:45)
Emphasis:  the deeds of Jesus
Style & Outlook:  practical; simple narration of facts; miracles;
    some discourse but few parables
Themes/Special Focus:  Jesus as the Mighty Conqueror & Preacher
Arrangement Of Material:  chronological
Unique Material:  only 7% is not found in the other three Gospels
Original Culture Addressed:  Romans
Era Associated With:  past and present
Percent Of Words Spoken By Jesus:  42%
Outstanding Sections:  miracles
Key Words: straightway; immediately
Key Verse:  10:45
Quotations From Old Testament:  36
Allusions To Old Testament:  27

Fascinating Features

  Stress is on miracles; no nativity/childhood narrative;
    much movement: the emphasis is on action

Luke

Author:  Luke – A physician and friend of Paul; a Greek from Troas
Date:  before 70 AD
Genealogy:  Yes
Broad Division:  stress on humanity of Jesus; from an earthly perspective;
    evangelistic messages for lost humanity; Jesus’ public life in focus
Primary Area Of Ministry:  Capernaum in Galilee
Prominent Concept:  Grace for lost humanity
Emphasis:  emotions and feelings
Style & Outlook:  the humanity of Jesus; historical style; well-organized;
  excellent Greek;
    Special Focus:  the historical Jesus; Jesus as the Perfect man – son of Adam
Arrangement Of Material:  chronological
Unique Material:  59% is unique to Luke
Original Culture Addressed: Greeks
Era Associated With: past & present
Percent Of Words Spoken By Jesus:  50%
Outstanding Sections:  parables
Key Concepts/Words:  Son of man – came to save   19:10
Key Verse: 19:10
Quotations From Old Testament:  25
Allusions To Old Testament:  42

Fascinating Features

the empathy of Jesus; only Gospel writer to tell of
    Jesus Perean ministry, which would be of particular interest to
    Greek readers; 
      women and children’s interaction with Jesus are more prominent

John

Author:  John, an eye-witness, “the beloved disciple,” a fisherman and one of the 12 apostles
Date:  85-90 AD
Genealogy:  None
Broad Division:  Stress is on the deity of Jesus – from the heavenly perspective
Primary Area Of Ministry:  Jerusalem in Judea
Prominent Concept: the Glory of God
Emphasis:  the thoughts of Jesus and the Father
Style & Outlook:  theological treatise from the spiritual/doctrinal perspective
Themes/Special Focus:  the wisdom of God; Jesus as Savior and Son of God
Arrangement Of Material: Topical
Unique Material:  92% is material unique to John’s Gospel
Original Culture Addressed:  all of humanity; the world
Era Associated With: present and future
Percent Of Words Spoken By Jesus:  50%
Outstanding Sections: doctrinal and theological teachings
Key Words:  believe; sign; witness; life
Key Verse:  20:31
Quotations From Old Testament: 20
Allusions To Old Testament: 105

Fascinating Features

Emphasizes Jesus’ early Judean ministry,
    whereas the Synoptists tend to emphasize His ministry in Galilee;
    unique discourses and teachings;
      there are no parables; written to strengthen our faith

Maxim of the Moment

Even if you are on the right track, you’ll get run over if you just sit there. - Will Rogers