38: Zechariah: The Book of Eschatology

Zechariah the priest was probably born in Babylon during the captivity and returned to Jerusalem with the first group of former exiles in 530 B.C. Although Haggai had already prompted the people to prioritize and begin reconstructing the temple, Zechariah wrote to encourage them in this effort and to spark spiritual revival. As a priest, he reminded them of the temple’s future importance, for the coming Messiah would have need of it. Jehovah’s presence in the temple will usher in the messianic age, for the Great High Priest will replace all earthly priesthoods.

To establish God’s future plan, Zechariah begins with a series of eight visions (Ch. 1-6), followed by four messages (Ch. 7-8), and concludes by sharing two burdens (Ch. 9-14). The first eight chapters encourage the people as they rebuild the temple. The final chapters were written after its completion and anticipate Messiah’s arrival.

Of all the Old Testament books, Zechariah is the most apocalyptic. Through visions, messages, and teachings, the prophet provides many specific messianic insights. He affirms Jehovah’s faithfulness in His covenant relationship with His people through the ministry and Second Coming of Christ.

Essay Questions

Summarize each of Zechariah’s nocturnal visions:
1. The Horsemen Among the Myrtle Trees

2. The Four Horns and Craftsmen

3. The Man with the Measuring Line

4. The Acquittal of the High Priest

5. The Golden Lampstand

6. The Flying Scroll

7. The Woman in the Basket

8. The Four Chariots

9. List the attributes of God that are prominent in the first six chapters.

Summarize each of the prophet’s four sermons:
10. Israel’s Hypocrisy

11. Israel’s Disobedience

12. Israel’s Restoration

13. Israel’s Future Joy

Summarize Zechariah’s two burdens:
14. The Messiah’s First Advent and Rejection

15. The Messiah’s Second Advent and Acceptance

16.  Find the New Testament fulfillment of each of the following prophecies regarding:

The One who is “The Branch” – (3:8 and 6:12)

The One who is sitting on the throne – (6:13)

The One who is riding on a donkey – (9:9)

The One who is betrayed for silver – (11:13)

The One who is the Shepherd – (11:16 and 13:7)

The One who is stared upon – (12:10)

The One who is “The Fountain” – (13:1)

The One who is standing on the Mount of Olives – (14:4)

17. Who said we must listen and obey the prophets (Luke 24:25 & 44)?


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