Ephesians is perhaps the most majestic, rich and profound of Paul’s epistles. It has been called “the Grand Canyon of Scripture” and abounds in powerful superlatives. Paul writes with extraordinary cohesiveness to the church at Ephesus while he is “a prisoner of Jesus Christ” (Eph. 3:1 & 4:1). He is suffering particular hardships (3:13) and views himself as an “ambassador in chains” (6:20). However, the epistle contains few other particulars regarding the writer or his readers. There is a marked absence of biographical references or personal greetings. There are a few allusions to false teachings, but Paul elaborates on no specific doctrinal problem. This helps explain the dynamics of the epistle, for its contents are solely for the edification of his readers. Ephesians differs from other Pauline letters, for his focus is on the universal Church rather than on issues within a local church. The interwoven theme is the unification of Believers who form a spiritual society within a secular society. Paul motivates his readers to closer unity by reminding them of Christ’s eternal purpose.

The Epistle to the Colossians can be viewed as apologetic, for it defends Christian doctrine against heretical teachings. It was written by Paul from Rome around 61 A.D. during his first Roman imprisonment. During Paul’s incarceration there, the Colossian church sends Epaphras to him with a report (1:7-8). Although most of it is favorable, Paul learns about certain false teachers who are corrupting the church with a blend of Judaism and pagan philosophies. As in Galatia, heretics creep into area churches attempting to pervert the Gospel of Christ (Gal. 1:7).

Paul cannot allow the Colossians to entertain any teachings subversive to the pure gospel they received a few years earlier. Throughout this epistle, Paul combats facets of legalism (2:14-17), mysticism (2:18-19), and asceticism (2:20-23). His purpose for writing is to encourage their spiritual growth in Christ, warn them against relapsing into former pagan vices, and refute those doctrines that can only lead them to spiritual ruin. The letter stresses Christ’s supremacy, the completeness of His vicarious atonement, and the superiority of His teachings over all others.


The foundation of the Bible rests upon two covenants. The Hebrew word “testament” (diatheke) is better translated “covenant” or “contract.” The Old Testament is God’s covenant with Israel with Moses as mediator, but the New Testament is God’s covenant with Christians with Jesus as Mediator. Although we are now under a better covenant, the Old Testament is also Scripture (Heb. 8:6-13). As part of God’s Word, it is “profitable for teaching, reproof, correction and instruction in righteousness” (II Tim. 3:16-17).

We do not know to whom Jude sends his letter. The envelope with the address, so to speak, has been misplaced. The numerous Old Testament references suggest the recipients were Jewish converts to Christianity. Jude’s style is strong, bold, energetic and picturesque. Probably written between 70 and 80 AD, this final epistle of the New Testament strongly denounces false teachers.

When we open the book of Philemon, we are immediately struck with its uniqueness.
It is Paul’s shortest yet most intimate letter.
It is a masterpiece of diplomacy, the key concepts of which center on grace and compassion.

The epistle to the Hebrews has an excellent design, a fascinating subject and a dynamic style. This book begins like a treatise but ends like a letter. Its purpose is established in the opening verses: to show Christ’s relationship to the Old Testament and vice-versa.This course is designed for each student to read through the commentary on each section, then answer the questions after each section.

01 - Hebrews - Dedication
02 - Hebrews - Outline
03 - Hebrews - The Book
04 - Hebrews - The Readers
05 - Hebrews - The Writer
06 - Hebrews 1:1-3: Christ Superior to Prophets
07 - Hebrews 1:4-14: Christ Superior to Angels
08 - Hebrews 2:1-4: First Warning - Don’t Drift
09 - Hebrews 2:5-9: Christ Greater Than Angels
10 - Hebrews 2:10—13: Christ Greater Than Saints
11 - Hebrews 2:14-15: Christ Greater Than Satan
12 - Hebrews 2:16-18: Christ Greater Than Temptation
13 - Hebrews 3:1-6: Christ Greater Than Moses
14 - Hebrews 3:7-12: Second Warning - Don’t Doubt (Part 1)
15 - Hebrews 3:13-19: Second Warning: Don’t Doubt (Part 2)
16 - Hebrews 4:1-11: Second Warning: Don’t Doubt (Part 3)
17 - Hebrews 4:12-13: Second Warning: Don’t Doubt (Part 4)
18 - Hebrews 4:14-16: Christ - God’s Great High Priest
19 - Hebrews 4:16: Christ and Typology
20 - Hebrews 5:1-4: God’s Compassionate High Priest
21 - Hebrews 5:5-10: God’s Appointed High Priest
22 - Hebrews 5:11-14: Third Warning: Don’t Denounce (Part 1) - Milk and Meat
23 - Hebrews 6:1-3: Third Warning: Don’t Denounce (Part 2)  - Foundational Doctrines
24 - Hebrews 6:4-6: Third Warning: Don’t Denounce (Part 3) - Unpardonable Sin
25 - Hebrews 6:7-12: Don’t Denounce (Part 4) - Perserverance
26 - Hebrews 6:13-20: Third Warning: Don’t Denounce (Part 5) - God’s Oath
27 - Hebrews 7:1-10: Christ’s Unique Priesthood
28 - Hebrews 7:11-19: Christ’s Effectual Priesthood
29 - Hebrews 7:20-28: Christ’s Permanent Priesthood
30 - Hebrews 8:1-5: Christ, Our Enthroned Priest
31 - Hebrews 8:6-13: Christ, Our Mediating Priest
32 - Hebrews 9:1-3: The Tabernacle
33 - Hebrews 9:4-5: The Ark of the Covenant
34 - Hebrews 9:6-10: The Holiest of All
35 - Hebrews 9:10 - The Blood Covenant
36 - Hebrews 9:11-14: Redemption
37 - Hebrews 9:15-22: Propitiation
38 - Hebrews 9:23-28: Atonement
39 - Hebrews 10:1-10: Christ and Obedience
40 - Hebrews 10:11-18: Christ and the New Covenant
41 - Hebrews 10:19-25: Christ’s Perfect Sacrifice
42 - Hebrews 10:26-31: Fourth Warning - Don’t Defect
43 - Hebrews 10:32-39: Christ and Patience
44 - Hebrews 11:1: Faith Defined
45 - Hebrews 11:2-3: Faith’s Witnesses
46 - Hebrews 11:4: The Faith of Abel
47 - Hebrews 11:5-6: The Faith of Enoch
48 - Hebrews 11:7: The Faith of Noah
49 - Hebrews 11:8-10: The Faith of Abraham
50 - Hebrews 11:11-16: The Faith of Sarah
51 - Hebrews 11:17-19: The Faith of Abraham and Isaac
52 - Hebrews 11:20-22: The Faith of Isaac, Jacob, and Joseph
53 - Hebrews 11:23-26: The Faith of Moses
54 - Hebrews 11:27-29: The Faith of Moses and the Israelites
55 - Hebrews 11:30-31: The Faith of Joshua and Rahab
56 - Hebrews 11:32: The Faith of Judges and Prophets
57 - Hebrews 11:33-40: The Faith of the Perseverant
58 - Hebrews 12:1-3: Running God’s Race
59 - Hebrews 12:4-11: Chastening and Correction
60 - Hebrews 12:12-17: Spiritual Fitness
61 - Hebrews 12:18-24: The New Jerusalem
62 - Hebrews 12:25-29: Fifth Warning - Don’t Depart
63 - Hebrews 13:1-7: Hospitality, Marriage and Respect
64 - Hebrews 13:8-16: Doctrine, Sacrifice, and Heaven
65 - Hebrews 13:17-25: Final Admonitions, Benediction, and Summation
66 - Hebrews: Sources Consulted

Welcome to an exciting, pragmatic, and inductive study in the book of Philippians. This course is designed for each student to read through the commentary on each section, then answer the questions after each section. It was prepared for couples as well as individual students. You will note that the Discussion Questions are provided in two formats. The first set of questions is for couples to work through, and the second set is provided for those who choose to take this course on an individual basis.

As we approach the study of this epistle, we will follow this simple outline:

Chapter 1 = The Inward Look
Chapter 2 = The Backward Look
Chapter 3 = The Onward Look
Chapter 4 = The Upward Look